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Dummie’s Guide Timeline of Postcard History

Postcard History Timeline Infographic

A couple of months ago I had some extra postcards that I had collected.  I took them to church and put a sign on them saying  “free if you would like any please help yourself”.  I watched over the next couple of weeks many people very young to the golden in years, were looking thru the pile admiring the pictures of the past.  Looking intently at the pictures than reading carefully through the descriptions on the back.  It just amazed me that there seems to be that enchantment in looking back into the past.

History of Postcards

 

  • PRE-POSTCARD PERIOD: 1848-1870

  • PIONEER PERIOD: 1870-1898

  • PRIVATE MAILING CARD PERIOD: 1898-1901

  • POSTCARD PERIOD: 1901-1907

  • DIVIDED BACK PERIOD: 1907-1915

  • WHITE BORDER PERIOD: 1915-1930

  • LINEN PERIOD: 1930-1945

  • PHOTOCHROM PERIOD: 1945-PRESENT

Postcard History Timeline

These are the general Categories of Postcards you will see as you Pursue your Hobby.  But I wanted to try to look at the history of postcards from a more common sense direction.  I wanted to look at the major events that were taking place during those different periods of time.  To see the important events that many people wanted to capture and record and sen to their families.

 

1775 during the Second Continental Congress, when Benjamin Franklin was appointed the first postmaster general.

 

Once upon a time, mail was delivered by either by foot soldiers or horse-drawn carriages, and the concept of mobilizing and coordinating mail delivery was still in its infancy.

In today’s world of e-mail and overnight express mail service, the idea of a letter taking two weeks to travel from New York to Philadelphia seems almost comical. However, in the mid-1700s, a letter might take as long as fourteen days to make the 109-mile trip between the two cities

The Pony Express was a mail service delivering messages, newspapers, and mail using relays of horse-mounted riders that operated from April 3, 1860, to October 1861 between Missouri and California in the United States of America

Ad in the Sacramento Union, March 19, 1860

“Men Wanted”
The undersigned wishes to hire ten or a dozen men, familiar with the management of horses, as hostlers, or riders on the Overland Express Route via Salt Lake City. Wages $50 per month and found.

More than 1,800 miles in 10 days! From St. Joseph, Missouri, to Sacramento, California the Pony Express could deliver a letter faster than ever before.
In operation for only 18 months between April 1860 and October 1861, the Pony Express nevertheless has become synonymous with the Old West.

  • PRE-POSTCARD PERIOD: 1848-1870

 

1840 – First Postage Stamp, Under a number of reforms proposed by Sir Rowland Hill including a standard price for sending a letter (prior to this, it was the person who received the letter who paid how much was due depending on weight and distance traveled). In 1840, the first stamp is issued which featured a black and white portrait of Queen Victoria costing one penny (more often referred to as the “Penny Black”).

1841 – Wagon Trains Start The Journey To California, Covered Wagon Trains took immigrants on a journey from Missouri River towns to what is now the state of California. The trip was about 2,000 miles and each night the Covered Wagon Train would form a circle for shelter from wind and extreme weather, they would put all the animals in the center to prevent them from running away or being stolen by Native Americans.

1843-The Oregon Trail, The first ‘wagon train’ was the wave of migration that started in 1843 and had followed John Bidwell’s 1841 train, and Elijah White’s 1842 expedition to Oregon. The 1843 wagon train was comprised of about nine hundred people. Bidwell’s immigrants had been split on going to California and Oregon. The definition of this as the first wagon train is made by its number of participants. The earlier ones had only been small expeditionary groups.

1844 –  Morse’s first electronic telegram, Samuel Morse had created an electromagnetic telegraph in 1836 and he had written the code that was to be transferred on it. Morse Code used dots, dashes and spaces to represent the letters of the alphabet. The U.S. government had requested a line be built between Baltimore and Washington, and it sent the first message on May 24th, 1844. The code also represents numbers.

1845 – Florida Becomes The 27th state of the United States of America, On March 3, 1845, Florida became the 27th state of the United States of America. At that time Florida was best known for it’s cotton plantations because the climate suited the crop well.

1845 – Texas Becomes The 28th state of the United States of America, Texas, after gaining independence from Mexico in 1836, became the largest state in the contiguous United States in 1845.

1846 – 1848 U.S. – Mexican War 1846 to 1848, After Texas became a US state the year before, the United States and Mexico go to war over the disputed area. American forces invade and conquer New Mexico, California and parts of Northern Mexico. Another American army captured Mexico City, forcing Mexico to agree to the sale of its Northern territories to the U.S for $15 million.

1855 – Smithsonian Smithsonian Institution, is established as an educational and research institute it is administered and funded by the government of the United States and by funds from its endowment. The Smithsonian Institute was funded by the British scientist James Smithson, who had never visited the United States himself, as an “Establishment for the increase & diffusion of Knowledge among men.” The work on the Smithsonian Institution Building on the National Mall started in 1846 and was completed in 1855.

1847 – first Mormon  settlers arrive in salt lake city

1848 – calif gold rushThe California Gold Rush starts, It was James Marshall that found the first nugget on January 30th, 1848 at Coloma. His find was to draw half a million people to California, and his initial discovery meant that other prospectors were able to uncover beds on the Trinity and Feather rivers. The Gold Rush is said to have taken place between 1848 and 1855.

1860 – Abraham Lincoln is Nominated President, Lincoln’s election for President was followed by South Carolina’s succession from the Union. Its senators had resigned from Congress and several of the Southern states were looking to leaving it as well. With Lincoln not inaugurated there was little he could do, and it was only a matter of time before the Confederate States united.

1861 – The Beginning of the Civil War, The Confederate States of America was formed by South Carolina, Mississippi, Georgia, Louisiana, Alabama, Florida, and Texas, and joined by Virginia, Tennessee, Arkansas, and North Carolina, and it was the Confederacy’s attack on Fort Sumter (on April 12th) that starts the Civil War. The Kansas Free-Staters had prevailed, and Kansas had joined the Union on January 9th. The C.S.S’s capital was in Montgomery, Alabama before being replaced by Richmond, Virginia. Its flag was the Stars and Bars. South Carolina had ceded from the Union on December 20th, 1860. A skeptic of how well the northern States would treat freed slaves was George Fitzhugh, who had negated the North’s ability to treat the slaves well ‘because the master allows the slave to retain a larger share of the results of his own labor than do the employers of free labor

1860 – pony express -The Pony Express, The ‘Pony Express’ mail service used horseback riders in 157 Pony Express relay stations across the prairies, plains, deserts, and mountains of the Western United States to deliver messages between the Atlantic and Pacific coasts in about ten days. After only 1 year, in March 1861 after suffering large losses and not gaining the mail contract The Pony Express Company ceased trading.

1863 – The Battle of Gettysburg, The Battle of Gettysburg was an important battle in the war, with Lee’s invasion of a northern state (from Maryland to Pennsylvania). Some 23,000 Union soldiers and over 20,000 Confederate soldiers were killed by the end of the third day. This was where Lincoln made his Gettysburg Address (on November 19th).

1864 – First Use Of Submarine In Warfare, A Confederate submarine, the Hunley, is the first submarine to torpedo an enemy vessel. It sank three times (which included the death of its inventor, Horace Hunley) before deployment against a Union blockade of Charleston, South Carolina. It sank (with all nine crew) shortly after its attack on the sloop Housatonic.

1865 – The End of the Civil War, The Appomattox campaign of 1865 took place in March to April, and was made up of numerous engagements in Virginia. The number of dead was never particularly high in any particular encounter but resulted in a war of attrition, and the surrounding of the Confederate forces (in which Lee said that it was ‘a mere question of time’ in resolution). Robert E. Lee’s surrender of the Confederate army at Appomattox courthouse to Ulysses S. Grant on April 9th was the end of the war.

Abraham Lincoln Assassinated, It was on April 14th that President Lincoln was shot and mortally wounded by John Wilkes Booth while attending the comedy “Our American Cousin” at Ford’s Theater in Washington, D.C. He died the next day.

1866 – Jesse James, Jesse and his brother Frank James, who were Confederate guerrillas during the Civil War, turn to crime when they create the James-Younger Gang. Their first robbery is the first daylight armed bank robbery in the United States in peacetime of the Clay County Savings Association in the town of Liberty, Missouri, on February 13, 1866.

1869 – Wyoming Gives Women The Vote, Wyoming becomes the first state to enfranchise women and goes on to put the right into its 1889 constitution.

 

  • PIONEER PERIOD: 1870-1898

In researching postcard history the earliest mentions I could find was dated October 4th of 1870 Frances Calvert mentions in his diary today I sent my first postcard to my mother these are capital things they are simple in a very happy invention Frances was a 30-year-old gentleman living in Wales at the time in the United States the first mention of postcard was in 1893 the world’s Columbian exhibition that took place in Chicago that’s where America’s first official picture for picture postcards were sold they were largely distributed out of vending machines at the time Chicago happens to have a rich immigrant population which were very skilled in German printing a year later Britain legalize postcards but they were not very attractive

1871-Great Chicago Fire, The Great Chicago Fire started on Sunday, October 8, and burned for three days before it finally burned itself out Tuesday, October 10, 1871. It killed hundreds and destroyed about 2,000 acres in the central business district, including hotels, department stores, Chicago’s City Hall, the opera house and theaters, churches and printing plants, in other areas thousands of homes were destroyed leaving 90,000 homeless. Supposedly it started by a cow kicking over a lantern in a barn owned by Patrick and Catherine O’Leary, or Daniel “Pegleg” Sullivan, igniting some hay in the barn while trying to steal some milk, or Louis M. Cohn may have started the fire during a craps game.

1872 – Yellowstone National Park, Partly in Montana, Wyoming, and Idaho, the Yellowstone National Park was appointed the United States’ first national park on March 1st, 1872. It covers more than three and a half thousand square miles of plateaus, mountains, and valleys. The park’s fossils, lava flows, volcanic remains, forests and other mountainous features such as its hot springs and geysers (like Old Faithful) have made it a national treasure.

1875 –First Kentucky Derby, On May 17, 1875, in front of an estimated crowd of 10,000 people, a field of 15 three-year-old horses contested the First Kentucky Derby at Churchill Downs, Louisville, Kentucky.

1876 – he Little Bighorn/Custer’s Last Stand, The Battle of the Little Bighorn took place a week after General Crook’s retreat from Rosebud Creek, when the Sioux, Cheyenne, Lakota, Arapaho, and others fell on George Custer’s 7th Cavalry on June 25th. The Indians, whose amalgamated tepees could show that there were about two thousand braves, attacked Custer’s squadrons at Little Bighorn. Reno and Benteen’s parts of the 7th suffered heavily but were not wiped out. The Indians fled on the arrival of Terry and Gibbons’ more numerous soldiers, but have retained their name for the Bighorn’s slopes, ” which is ‘the greasy grass’. There is some debate on where exactly the ‘last stand’ took place, with Custer’s body not actually having been found around his men. The greasy grass might have been in Wyoming and not Montana.

First Practical Telephone, Patent 174,465, was issued to Alexander Graham Bell on March 7, 1876, by the U.S. Patent Office. Bell’s patent covered “the method of, and apparatus for, transmitting vocal or other sounds telegraphically

1877-The Phonograph, Thomas Alva Edison announced his invention of the first phonograph, a device for recording and replaying sound, on November 21st, 1877.

1879 –Incandescent Light Bulb, Thomas Alva Edison filed his first patent application for “Improvement In Electric Lights” on October 14, 1878 (U.S. Patent 0,214,636). The first successful test was on October 22, 1879, and lasted 13.5 hours. Historians list 22 inventors of incandescent lamps prior to Thomas Edison but

1881 – Billy the Kid, Billy the Kid, or William Bonney or Henry McCarty, had been captured in December 1880, and was tried for murder in Mesilla, New Mexico in April 1881. He was found guilty and escaped (after killing two deputies) before being shot by Sheriff Garrett (his earlier captor) on July 14th

1885-The Statue of Liberty, The Statue of Liberty was made in France and was proposed by Edouard de Laboulaye, sculpted by Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi and funded by the French people. It was shipped in 1885 to New York and placed onto Liberty Island in New York Harbor. It wasn’t dedicated by Grover Cleveland until on October 28th, 1886.

1889 – The Eiffel Tower, The Eiffel Tower, or the Tour Eiffel, was opened on March 31st, 1889, and was the work of a Gustave Eiffel, who was a bridge engineer. It was made for the centenary of the French Revolution and was chosen instead of over one hundred other plans that were given. Eiffel’s engineering skills would preface later architectural designs. The Tower stands at twice the height of both the St. Peter’s Basilica and the Great Pyramid of Giza. Its metallic construction was completed within months.

1892-Ellis Island Opens, The first Ellis Island Immigration Station was officially opened. That first day, three large ships were waiting to land, and 700 immigrants passed through Ellis Island. In the first year, nearly 450,000 immigrants passed through the Island. The first to be processed was Annie Moore, a 15-year-old girl from Cork, Ireland on January 1st, 1892.

1897-First US Gasoline Powered Car Maker, Charles Duryea, and Frank Duryea were the first Americans to build a successful commercial automobile and the first to incorporate an American business for the expressed purpose of building automobiles for sale to the public.

  • PRIVATE MAILING CARD PERIOD: 1898-1901

1900-Work On New York Subway Begins, Work on the New York subway begins in the first section from City Hall to the Bronx in the year 1900. It was financed by the issue of rapid transit bonds by the City of New York and because no company was willing to take the risk of such a large project. The city decided to build the subways itself by subcontracting with the IRT who ran the elevated railways in the city to equip and operate the subways, sharing the profits with the City and guaranteeing a fixed five-cent fare.

Electric Cars, 25% of all cars that were sold in 1900 were electric cars. It will be interesting to see how many years it takes for 25% of all cars sold to be fully electric or Hybrid.

  • POSTCARD PERIOD: 1901-1907

1901-President William McKinley Shot, William McKinley, the 25th President of the United States is assassinated by Leon Czolgosz when he is shot at point-blank range. He died on September 14th, 1901, eight days after he was shot, from gangrene surrounding his wounds. Vice President Theodore Roosevelt becomes the 26th President of the United States on September 14th, 1901.

Queen Victoria Dies, Queen Victoria dies at the age of eighty-one. She had nine children and left Edward as her heir. Her reign has been used to designate the era and was the longest-serving of any English monarch. She presided over the change of government from monarchy to almost pure democracy. Her Prime Ministers had included Robert Peel, William Gladstone, Benjamin Disraeli, Henry Temple, and John Russell. Queen Victoria passed away in the Osborne House on the Isle of Wight. She had become queen when she was 18 and had ruled for nearly 64 years of her life.

1903-Orville and Wilbur Wright, Orville and Wilbur Wright made the first successful man-powered airplane flight near on December 17th at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. The plane weighed 750 pounds and was powered by a 12 horsepower gasoline engine. The craft is referred to as an airship and Orville and Wright were looking for buyers for their machine which was capable of speeds up to 10 mph.

1906-Mount Vesuvius Erupted, Vesuvius erupted on April 4th, 1906, and its southern slope vented to about 1,200 meters. Its lava flow had stopped by the 5th, when a new effusion started on the Casa Fiorenza. This one went up to about 800 meters when a third one had occurred on the shoreline. The volcano’s eruptions had become stronger throughout April 7th and the crater rim cracked and lava flowed. The 8th of April had started a number of explosive ruptures and the cone started to effuse a large amount of fume. The eruptions lasted until April 21

 

 

  • POSTCARD PERIOD: 1901-1907

  • DIVIDED BACK PERIOD: 1907-1915

1908-Ford Model T, Henry Ford’s Ford Motor Company introduces the Ford Model T costing $850.00, this was nearly 1/3 of the price of any other car on the market but still not cheap enough for the masses. Over the next few years, he perfected assembly line production bringing the cost down to $368.00 in 1916 making it much more affordable consequently selling hundreds of thousands of of more cars than any other company.

1909-First Men to Reach The North Pole, Explorers Robert E. Peary and Matthew A. Henson claim to became the first men to reach the North Pole. On April 6, they established “Camp Jesup” allegedly within five miles of the pole. There is a large amount of controversy over this claim for a number of reasons including no independent verification and discrepancies in his journal, and even looking at those Societies who accepted or did not accept his claim makes it difficult to know for certain. The National Geographic Society certified his claim. The Royal Geographical Society of London accepted Claim. The American Geographical Society did not accept his claim. Societies of semi-Arctic Scandinavia did not accept his claim.

1910-Boy Scouts of America, Following a visit to England in 1909 and a meeting with British General Robert Baden-Powell who founded the Scouting movement in England, Chicago publisher W. D. Boyce incorporates the Boy Scouts of America.

1911- First Indianapolis 500, The first-ever running of the Indianapolis 500 is won by Ray Harrounat at an average speed of 74.59 miles an hour

1912-Sinking of the Titanic, The Titanic sets sail on her maiden voyage from Southampton to New York. The Titanic had been described as the worlds most luxurious floating hotel which is unsinkable, and was only 5 days out when she hit an iceberg and sank in the Atlantic with the loss of many lives. The Titanic was built in Belfast (between 1909 and 1911) and registered in Liverpool in 1912. Liverpool was the home port, although she never entered it. The White Star Liner left Belfast on April 2nd, 1912 and arrived in Southampton on April 4th. The crew had boarded before dawn on April 10th, and the passengers between 9.30 and 11.30 a.m. She left port at around 2 p.m. and arrived in Queenstown, Ireland before crossing the Atlantic. She struck an iceberg on Sunday, April 14th, and the ship’s distress signal gave her position as Latitude 41º 46′ N and Longitude 50º 14 W.

1914 – The Panama Canal Opens, The Panama Canal which took 34 years to build from 1880 – 1914 (and cost over 27,000 workers their lives) provided a connection for shipping from The Atlantic to The Pacific and opened in 1914.

  • WHITE BORDER PERIOD: 1915-1930

1918-World War I – Allies Sign Armistice Ending War The Allies sign an armistice with Germany on November 11, 1918, putting an end to the fighting of World War I. It was written by the Allied Supreme Commander Marshal Ferdinand Foch and signed inside of a railroad car near Compiégne, France. The terms of the armistice mandated the withdrawal of German forces behind the Rhine, the release of Allied prisoners of war, the future negotiation of reparations, and the continued Allied occupation of the Rhineland, and more. The official end to the war did not come until the next year with the Treaty of Versailles in June of 1919.

1920-

  • With the ending of World War I a housing boom in Britain and the United States leads to an increase in home ownership.

  • The League of Nations is founded but the United States votes against joining.

  • Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is ratified on August 18, giving women the right to vote.

  • The Russian Civil war ends but the country struggles as a famine begins in 1920 and worsens the following year.

  • The Summer Olympics take place in Antwerp, Belgium and they emphasize reconciliation after World War I.

  • The 18th Amendment ( Volstead Act / National Prohibition Act ) goes into force at the beginning of the decade which in turn leads to increased black market alcohol that is sold in speakeasies and run by mobsters who pay off local politicians

  • The Palmer Raids lead to the arrest and deportation of 6,000 foreign aliens suspected radical leftists.

1924-The first Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade is held on November 27th, 1924.

1927 – n 1927, Charles Lindbergh flies The Spirit of St. Louis across the Atlantic nonstop and solo, direct from New York City to Paris, as the first solo transatlantic flight.

1928-Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin in 1928 which changed the world of modern medicines by introducing the age of antibiotics.

1929-The Wall Street Crash of 1929 started the period of The Great Depression in the United States

  • LINEN PERIOD: 1930-1945

1931-US suffers worst-ever drought in its history, leading to the Dust Bowl years.

1932-The Great Depression influences economies worldwide. More than 24.5% of the population are unemployed in the United States. Over 20% of the workforce are unemployed in the United Kingdom. Canadian unemployment reached 27%. The German unemployment rate reached nearly 30%.

1933 – Adolf Hitler announces the state-sponsored “People’s Car” – “Volkswagen”

1934-Disney introduces the character of “Donald Duck” in the animated short “The Little Wise Hen

1939 – Germany attacks Poland starting World War II.

1941 – Japan launches a surprise attack on the U.S. base in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, bringing the United States into the War. Italy and Germany also declare war on the United States

1944-President Roosevelt is elected to a fourth term in the United States, becoming the only person to ever do so. His fourth term does not last long however, as he died during the next year in April of 1945.

1945 – The United States drops two atomic bombs on Japan, bringing an end to the Pacific side of the war.

  • PHOTOCHROM PERIOD: 1945-PRESENT

1947-The Polaroid instant camera is demonstrated.

1952-The first hydrogen bomb is successfully detonated by the United States.

1955-The popular children’s television show “The Mickey Mouse Club” premieres. The Disneyland theme park in California also opened during this year..

1958-NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) is created.

1960-Democrat John F. Kennedy wins the U.S. Presidential Election after defeating Republican Richard Nixon. Kennedy became the first president and was the youngest person to have been elected into the highest office at the time.

1963-United States President John F. Kennedy is assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald.

1971-The Walt Disney World Resort is opened in Orlando, Florida.

1980-Ronald Reagan is elected as the President of the United States.

1983-Motorola introduces the first mobile phones to the United States in 1983.

1987-Margaret Thatcher is elected as the British Prime Minister for the third time

 

 

 

 

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Australia Postcards ( Helpful Illustrated Guide) W / Pricing

Australia Postcards

 

History Of Australia With More Emphasis On The 1850s Till Date

There is no doubt that a sound knowledge of one’s historical origin is key to everyone. The history of a place gives you a brief idea of what this country has been through, the stages that connect Australia from its past origin to the present. In order words, Australian history tends to connect with the now Australia. In this article, we shall be placing more emphasis on the factors and historical antecedents of Australia between the years 1788 to 1850s date. This is so because these periods cover the early period that transcends to today’s Australian society.

Historical Periods In Australia

Here we focus on two major periods that is:

  • White Invasion Period
  • The Period Of Free Settlers and Convicts

 

The Period Of White Invasion-The Early Arrival Of The First Fleet Of British Ships

Australian history would be incomplete if we tend to isolate the early arrival of the first British ships in the year 1788 at New South Wales, Sydney. This paved way for the establishment of the penal colony, and the scientific exploration of the Australia continent. This later turns to the Australia colonies. European colonialization established a new dominant society in Australian in the area of indigenous Australian’s population. This period can also be referred to as the period of White Invasion or white settlement.

The white settlement period has since shaped the existence of Australian society from where it was to the present-day Australian country. Although it was stated that one of the reasons for the British colonization of Australia was to reduce overpopulation in a British prison and wasn’t based on economic productivity.

The Period Of Free Settlers and Convicts

The first immigrant free settlers were brought on January 16th, 1793 through Bellona transport. Before this time, the immigrant was brought from the British prison system as it was stated earlier. But this set of free settlers came in based on what they can offer to develop Australia. This is not to reduce overpopulation as a site from the beginning, but to add economic value. For instance, Thomas Rose with four children and wife were given 120 acres for farming.

This brings about economic and agricultural productivity to Australian society. Others were also provided free grants on land for two years period, in which a certain number of convicts were allotted to them. The present-day Strathfield and Homebush were the area that was given to the free settlers. Though convicts receive harsh punishment and discipline. There was punishment for any convict who fails to work either by flogging or strict confinement like leg-irons.

In relationship to day’s reality in Australian society, this period conditions today’s economic development. The socio-economic growth and development that is seen today are orchestrated by the free settlers and convicts’ period in Australian historical antecedent.

These periods connote the early stage of Australian creation that led to today’s society. This period has made the country to be seen today as a strong global nation to reckon with. This is so because of the current economic, socio and political structure.

Historical Factors That Are Visible In Present Day Australian Society

Here are some of the visible things that are still evident in Australia society today. This includes both not limited to the following:

  • Immigration
  • Economy Factor
  • Educational Factor
  • Religion Factor

 

Immigration

Immigration has been an important factor in Australia history to date. Immigration is an important factor in both the past and presents Australian society. The national identity is majorly based on immigration. A large number of settlers as made their way to Australia through Clipper, Steamer and presently through the air to seek better fortune and different opportunities. Though at the beginning there was no airplane to long-distance travel, it was basically clipper and steamer. But at the 1970s the journey to Australia became smooth.

Despite the long existence of immigration from the first fleet of British settlers, down to the free settlers, to the significant increase from Asian settlers to present-day Australian immigration policy. The historical antecedence of Australia cannot be separated from immigration, because Australian national identity majorly originated from immigration.

Economy Development And Growth

The Australian colonies relied on imports from England for sustenance and survival. This period Australian businesses flourishes which translated into present-day economic dispensation. The period of the 1780s to the 1850s as since seen a dramatic change in the Australian economy. This growth goes beyond economic, political, social and human capital.

Educational Factor

The present modern educational height in Australian is attributed to these historical periods. The period of the first fleet or white settlement and other gathered experiences bring about the mixed academic advancement in Australian today. There is no argument that Australian education remains one of the best around the world. This is one of the reasons why most immigrants tend to travel to Australia for their desired degrees.

Religion

The present-day Christianity in Australian is a result of the historical formation of Australian society. The indigenous people were engaging in rituals. But the presence of Christianity can be traced back to the arrival of the first fleet of the British settlers in Sydney. Church of England is one of the predominant churches in Australia. This is because of the first fleet of convicts where Catholic. Up to date, religion like Christianity plays a major role in Australia’s economic, socio, political development.

Conclusion

On the final note, the history of Australia origin cannot be discussed without a proper discourse on the major events that took place around the 1850s to date. As we pointed out at the beginning, there are several areas, conditions, events that took place within these periods that brought about the present-day Australian Society. The periods and factors listed above are some of the major events that usher in today’s Australian economic, political, social, reality. No doubt that the modern Australian immigration policy originated from its historical origin. Right from the period of first fleet British settlers, Asian settlers, free settlers and more. This immigration experience brings about their national identity

We are Currently Building our Australia Postcards Research Tools, I should be done by 1/26/2020  Enjoy God Bless Greg

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California Missions ( Helpful Illustrated Guide) W / Pricing

Postcard California Missions 21 Map San Antonio De Pala Spanish Missions # 2697A

We will have this California Missions Postcards Research Tool finished by 1/20th

 21 California Missions

The origin of California missions can be traced back to the 18th century when the Spanish came up with a plan to extend the Roman Catholic Church up to the European territories.  They plan to achieve this by converting native Americans to Catholics, that way, they can also colonize all of the settlers on the pacific coast of northern American territories. Below are the 21 missions founded by the California mission by the Spanish:

  1. San Diego De Alcala

This is the first on the list of 21 California missions and marks the origin of Christianity in the western coast of the United States. It was established in 1769 and welcomes every visitor with the grandeur and joy that has lasted for centuries. The mission was named in the honor of Didacus of Alcalá and has the site of the first Christian burial in the whole of Alta California.

  1. San Carlos Borroméo de Carmelo

This is also called Mission Carmel and it is the second in the chain of California mission, it was founded in 1770 and name after Saint Charles Borromeo, a Milan archbishop who lived in the 16th century. It is said that father Serra died 14 years after founding the San Carlos Borroméo de Carmelo mission, and as it is, his body has been moved on several occasions from its original resting place in the course of examining his sainthood. Till today, the San Carlos Borroméo de Carmelo Carmel is seen as a tribute to Father Serra, again, on Father Serra’s dying bed he made a wish that a new stone is to be replaced with the mainstream adobe chapel.

  1. San Antonio de Padua

This is the third mission on the list missions, it was founded by Father Junipero Serra after claiming the land on which the mission was built on in July 14, 1771, and later dedicated to Saint Anthony of Padua. The mission had around 178 Americans living in it, and by 1805 the number increased to 1,300. But after the secularization laws were effected, the number of Indians living in the mission was only 150. Sometime in 1845, Pío Pico – the Mexican governor, declared all the missions in Alta California for sale but surprisingly nobody bid for the San Antonio de Padua mission. In 1894, a major reconstruction took place in the building; roof tiles were replaced with Southern Pacific Railroad depot.

  1. Mission San Gabriel Arcángel

This is pronounced in Spanish as Misión de San Gabriel Arcángel, it was founded in Spaniards on September 8, 1771, on “The Feast of the Birth of Mary,” it is the 4th mission out of 21 missions founded by the Spanish in California. The mission was named after Archangel Gabriel is popularly known as  “Godmother of the Pueblo of Los Angeles”, the Moorish architecture of this building was designed by Antonio Cruzado Córdoba from Spain. At the center of the Campo Santo cemetery stands a big stone cross which was consecrated sometime in 1778 by John Cantwell (Los Angeles Archbishop), and serves as the grave to 6,000 new converts.

  1. Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa

This is also called Misión San Luís Obispo de Tolosa in Spanish language, it is one of the missions founded by the Spanish in 1772 by the presiding priest Father Junípero. It was named after Saint Louis of Anjou the then bishop of Toulouse, this is one of the most beautiful missions out of the 21 that was founded by the Spanish. It was decorated with beautiful flower gardens, a (small) museum that houses items from its history. The San Luis Obispo de Tolosa surprisingly opens its doors to the public who comes for tour daily, something other mission in the California area does not practice.

  1. Mission San Francisco de Asís

Also known as Mission Dolores, it is the oldest structure that has survived the test of time and it is also the oldest in structure in all the 6th religious settlements founded in California as part of the missions. Established on the 9th of October 1776 by Francisco Palóu with the help of Fray Pedro Combón (co-founder). Fray Pedro Combón was once charged alongside members of the de Anza for preaching to the natives and accompanying Spanish migrants to Alta California. As it is, some of the buildings in the mission have been used as business centers e.g. print shops and business centers.

  1. Mission San Juan Capistrano

Founded in 1776 by the Catholic Franciscan Order: Spanish Catholics. The mission was named after the “warrior priest” and a theologian, Saint John of Capistrano who once lived in the Abruzzo area of Italy. The mission houses one of the oldest buildings in California – Father Serra’s Church. This is a building built around 1782 and it is still in use to date. Before the missionaries arrived, the area has been housing 550 indigenous Acjachemen people, and from 1776-1847, the number of new converts had increased from 1,649 to 4,639.

  1. Mission Santa Clara de Asís

This mission was originally called La Misión Santa Clara de Thamien meaning Mission Santa Clara de Thamien. It was originally founded on the 12th of January, 1777 and sited at So-co-is-u-ka, an Indian village located along the Guadalupe River. Natural disasters like earthquakes and floods swept the original structure forcing them to move to higher grounds. It was the second structure that was now called Mission Santa Clara de Asís and was built between 1784 -1819 and sited hundreds of yards west of De La Cruz.

  1. Mission San Buenaventura

The idea of establishing this mission can be traced back to March 30, 1749, on a palm Sunday. It was established on president Francisco’s orders and proceeded by Junipero Serra in a bid to establish a mission in the “New World” with the natives as the prime target. After 31 years of coming to California, he was reported to have finally raised the cross at Playa de La Canel de Santa Barbara on Easter morning on the 31st of March 1782. Assisted by Pedro Benito Cambon, it would have been the third mission in the 21 missions but as destiny may have it, it turned out to the 9th and his last.

  1. Mission Santa Barbara

This mission is also known as Santa Barbara’s Mission, is one of the 21 missions founded by the Spanish by the orders of Francisco in Santa Barbara, California. The mission was founded by Padre Fermin Lasuen on the 4th of December 1786 on the feast of Saint Barbara. It is the 10th mission founded to convert the native people of Chumash – Barbarano and is located at the height between the Pacific Ocean and Santa Ynez mountains. It was dedicated by Father Fermin Lasuen who later took over from Junipero Serva as the president of the California mission after his death.

  1. Mission La Purisima Concepcion

Also called La Purisima mission, La Mision de La Purisima Concepcion or the mission of the immaculate conception of the most blessed Virgin Mary. It is located in Lompoc California and was established on the 8th of December 1787 during the feast of immaculate conception by the order of Franciscan. The original mission complex building located on the south of Lompoc was swept by an earthquake sometime in 1812, and it was rebuilt where it is presently – few miles northeast. According to history, after the Mexicans won the war of 1823, funding of the missions was ceased, and soldiers guarding the building were no longer paid, a situation that really triggered their frustration and descended on the natives.

  1. Mission Nuestra Senora de la Soledad

This is also called the Soledad mission, our lady of solitude, or mission Soledad it was founded on the order of Franciscan on the 9th of October 1791 to convert the locales. It is the 13th on the chain of California missions established by the Spanish, the mission was named after the “Soledad”. The building was abandoned in 1835 after which some of its building materials were sold thereby leaving the building in a state of despair. But in 1954 a major reconstruction work was carried out on the building, and in 1955 a new chapel was formed and dedicated.

  1. Mission Santa Cruz

This is also called “The mission of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross, also founded on the orders of Franciscan. Located in where we know today as Santa Cruz, in California mission founded by Juan Crespi – a missionary priest who had accompanied Gaspar De Portola – an explorer in 1769. The mission was dedicated by Padre Fermin Lasuen on the 28th of August 1791 and has been named the smallest mission in the 14 districts under the protection of president San Francisco. It was recorded that the mission was once flooded with the waters from winter, but it was rebuilt after three years on higher ground.

  1. Mission San Fernando Rey de Espana

This is located in the mission hills area of Los Angeles, California. It was established on the 8th of September 1797 and was the 17th mission out of the 21st missions founded in Alta California. Named in honor of Ferdinand, it was also named after the city of San Fernando: a nearby city located in the valley. It was founded by Father Fermin Lasuen with the help of Fray Francisco Dumetz, on the first day of dedication, 10 children were baptized, and from 1797 till 1800 Fray Francisco Dumetz and his colleague Fray Francisco Javier Uria worked hand-in-hand in making sure the mission is fully functional.

  1. Mission San Jose

Also known as the queen of the mountains,  it is said to have been the biggest of all the missions. It was established on the 11th of June, 1797 by the orders of president Franciscan, it was the 14th mission established by the Spanish in California. The building suffered a decline after the secularization act of 1833 initiated by the Mexican government. Though it has suffered moments of neglect, earthquakes and was left in ruins, past restoration efforts have helped preserve its original design.

  1. Mission San Juan Bautista

Located in San Juan Bautista California, this mission was founded on the 24th of June, 1797 by the orders of president Franciscan, and founded by Fermin Lasuen. This is the 15th mission on the list of California mission established by the Spanish, it was named in the honor of Saint John the Baptist, and named after the city it was sited on – San Juan Bautista.

  1. Mission San Miguel Archangel

This mission is located in San Miguel, San Luis Obispo County in California. It was founded on the 25th of July, 1797 also on the orders of Franciscan, the construction of the building was considered because of the large population of Salinan Indians that started flooding the district which the presiding Spanish priests wanted to convert. Today is the mission is still used as a parish church under the Monterey Diocese.

  1. Mission San Luis Ray De Francia

The mission is also known as mission de San Luis, Rey de Francia, meaning “the mission of Saint Louis, king of France”. It was named in the honor of the then French king – Louis IX of France. The mission San Luis Rey De Francia is among the biggest missions in all of the 21 missions in California occupying 950,400 acres of land including the surrounding lands used for agricultural purposes.

  1. Mission Santa Ines

It is situated in the present-day Solvang, California and named after Saint Agnes of Rome. Established on the 17th of September 1804 by the presiding priest, Father Estevan Tapis on the orders of president Franciscan. The establishment of this mission was actually to reduce the ever-growing population of members in mission La Purisima and Santa Barbara missions respectively.

  1. Mission San Rafael

Established in 1817, this mission initially was founded on a medical submission (listeners) of mission San Francisco de Asis. It was a hospital meant to treat the sick American natives. The reason for this was that San Francisco had more friendly weather which helps sick patients recover faster, of which, the initial plan was not for it to be a stand-alone mission.

  1. Mission San Francisco Solano

This is the 21st and the last mission established by the Spanish in Alta California. This was the only mission built in Alta area of California after the Mexican independence. The mission was actually set up for political reasons: the Mexican government wanted to increase it’s population in the northern area of San Francisco Bay thereby keeping off the Russians who had planned on moving further on the inland.

 

History California Missions
History California Missions
Name of MissionDate EstVideoNumber of PostcardsEbay 4 Million Postcards
Mission Basilica San Diego de Alcalá1769Video14Mission Basilica San Diego de Alcalá Postcards
Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo1770Video1Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo Postcards
Mission San Antonio de Padua1771Video15Mission San Antonio de Padua Postcards
Mission San Gabriel1771Video451Mission San Gabriel Postcards
Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa1772Video21Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa Postcards
Mission San Francisco de Asís (Mission Dolores)1776Video0Mission San Francisco de Asís (Mission Dolores) Postcards
Mission San Juan Capistrano1776Video956Mission San Juan Capistrano Postcards
Mission Santa Clara de Asís1777Video28Mission Santa Clara de Asís Postcards
Mission San Buenaventura1782Video35Mission San Buenaventura Postcards
Mission Santa Barbara1786Video593Mission Santa Barbara Postcards
Mission La Purísima Concepción1787Video35Mission La Purísima Concepción Postcards
Mission Nuestra Señora de la Soledad1791Video0Mission Nuestra Señora de la Soledad Postcards
Mission Santa Cruz1791Video33Mission Santa Cruz Postcards
Mission San Fernando Rey de España1797Video11Mission San Fernando Rey de España Postcards
Mission San José1797Video1Mission San José Postcards
Mission San Juan Bautista1797Video36Mission San Juan Bautista Postcards
Mission San Miguel Arcángel1797Video1Mission San Miguel Arcángel Postcards
Mission San Luis Rey de Francia1798Video27Mission San Luis Rey de Francia Postcards
Mission Santa Inés1804Video27Mission San Luis Rey de Francia Postcards
Mission San Rafael Arcángel1817Video5Mission San Rafael Arcángel Postcards
Mission San Francisco Solano1823Video18Mission San Francisco Solano Postcards
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Harlem New York 1935 Photo Peace Home Cooked Meats Afro Ameri Postcard # 7546

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19 Ghost Town Postcards (Helpful Illustrated Guide) w/ Prices

Ghost Town Postcards

In this article on  19 Haunted Ghost Towns.   There are over 1,800 of Them in the United States We added to our Research Tool to make it more Collector Friendly.  We also have added a Video Link so that you can look at the Ghost Town Antique Postcards and compare them to original or restored Ghost Towns

  • Wiki Link for more Research
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  • Number of Current available Postcards – from Ebays 4 Million Listings
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In the United States, there are over 1,800 Ghost Towns

 

19 Haunted Ghost Town Postcards

19 Haunted Ghost Town Postcards ( Helpful Illustrated Guide) w/ Prices

 

 

  • Calico California Ghost Town

    • Today Calico is a tourist attraction but originally Calico was a silver mining town, in 1800.  Who is located in the calico mountains which is on the edge of the Mojave Desert?  In  8014 silver prospectors are the ones who discovered Calico.   It was named after the Calico mountains because they felt that the calico color is what it represented.  Prospectors opened the Silver King mine.  Calico grew to be California’s largest silver producer in the mid-1918 80 and the town grew so much that it started publishing its own newspaper you have 5 general stores had its own meat market bars brothel 3 restaurants a boarding house in a school district and it had a voting this it had a total population of the time at its peak of around 1200 people.
    • Later silver was discovered in it being in mining there in the population grew to approximately 3500 people many of them immigrants from England’s the Netherlands China working in there in laboring in the mines
    • California’s  Largest ghost town was called Calico.  It is in the base of the mountains, and even on the mountains, themselves is carved into the stone the words calico you can see it from a distance.  Calico dates back to 1881 is called the largest silver mining camp, in California.  You can still see the sheriff building and that is right next to the town Hall.  It also has the general Mercantile store which was established in 1882.  The store is also the post office.  Also in the middle of the town is a minecart in this still sitting on the original rails it would take it in and out from the mine.  We can visit a local Barbershop and get a haircut for 50 cents or a haircut and a shave for 75 cents if you like.  If you have the time you can also have a tooth pulled while you’re there.  the barbershop you can also take a bath and they have a wooden tub.
    • We can also go to the town saloon and inside the saloon is surrounded by old painted art and a bar in a poker table.  Also, have the local blacksmith shop and there’s a wagon hearse that is in town where they would carry a great to be body to be buried.  Inside the Black Smith shop you can see an Anvil, you can see an old furnace, the blacksmith would heat up the iron to make it, you could see the wood water barrel, where he would temper it cool down the horseshoes and he was repairing all original time.
    • The schoolhouse is there in it was restored in 1955 where it was originally built as outside in the town.  Looking inside the school out she can see all these wood desks that is still there all wouldn’t that the children would sit at and then also the school would double as a church on Sunday.   as you journey outside you can begin it’ll take you to the mind where the silver mine was done and then they would carry the silver to the town via rail.
    • Even Has a  restaurant called the Calico house and it’s modeled after the original is he going in get a meal but the menus and everything is pattern off of the original menus,  also there is an assay office in inside the essay office they have some of the original equipment where he would analyze the purity of the metal that they were turning in they would make records of it in be able to turn it into money for the time.  They also have the original hotel which is standing there and they turned it into a candy shop right now but it’s mainly a tourist attraction most of the buildings and the town itself is been restored back to its 1800 birthright.

 

  • Goldfields Arizona Ghost Town

    • The Ghost Town named Goldfields Arizona has originally had the name of  Youngberg.  The town was founded in 1893 when they discovered gold in an area of the Superstition Mountains the town was abandoned twice by its residents after the mines ran out of gold.  Three Prospectors were the first to discover gold in Goldfields, Colin Hanks, Riley Morris, and Orlando were first to discover gold first in 1893.
    • Superstitious mountain also had several other names Krooked Top MountainThunder Hill, Foam Top Mountain.  The name seems to come from Farmers in the Late 1800s, who heard it from the Pima Indians.  From the Indians, the farmers of the Salt River Valley had heard stories about “strange sounds, people who disappeared, mysterious deaths, and an overall fear of the mountain
    • The population at its peak was about 4000 residents, it had a hotel,   general store,  a church, school, a post office leaving everybody in the town without a job and then things slowly went downhill from there the post office discontinued the service in 1898.  Reviving once again in 1910 was revived and they open up a new mill and cyanide plant in the name of that time was called Youngberg after George Young,   use the secretary of Arizona he was governor at the time those mines also ran out in 1926 in the town again was abandoned.
    • Now Goldesfield is still abandoned, is now it is been turned into a tourist attraction.  In the middle of town is a general store called Mitch motherload Mercantile store.  There is another building there called Bordertown you soon as to be a type of the shop looks like the blue Nuggets saloon is in the middle of town there’s also a museum looks like on the second floor and also below that there is a building for the justice of peace people who wanna get married.
    • Jailhouse stands out in Town.  There is a sign on JailHouse Wall before you enter – Jail House Rules
      1. No Complaining
      2. No Profanity
      3. No Loud Talk
      4. 2 Visits to Outhouse a day
      5. Meals – Beans – Bread – Water
      6. Jail Visits are at Sheriffs Discretion
    • right next to the jailhouse they also had a stage set up for politicians to come in and address the town phone set of stairs and you had a stage with flags around it so they could talk to people that would gather round.  Steps leading up to the Mammoth saloon.  In the middle the town is a gigantic cactus, right next to it, is a steam-powered tractor with metal wheels.  Toward the edge of town, there is the old Bordilla which was the local ladies’ house.  When studying the Old West you’ll see in many of the mining gold towns and there were springing up around the western part of the country prostitution was a very very big business of the time.

 

  • Rhyolite Nevada Ghost Town

    • This ghost town called the Rhyolite is found Nye County in the state of Nevada it is located in the Bullfrog Hills,  northeast northwest of Las Vegas close to the edge of Death Valley this mining town began in 1905, after the discovery of gold in some of the surrounding Hills the gold rush and was taking place.  In 1911 lower mine production, the population dropped to under 1000,  many of the people had left looking for greener pastures.  Or should I say more Golden Opportunities.  in 1908, investors invested in the Montgomery Shoshone Mine.  They put in in the infrastructure in setting it up for the ghost town have electric lights, water lines, telephones, newspapers, hospitals, school, Opera House, it even had a Stock Exchange.  The town had a population in 1907 and 1908 from between 3500 –  5000 people.   for just as fast is it grew, it declined after the earthquake of 1906 in San Francisco by 1920 all operations are gone.   Today it has become a tourist attraction Internet as many of the buildings have been rebuilt in may just like they were
    • The Town is called Rhyolite, in it gets its name from a very light-colored rock that is found in the mountains around it is also found in the Amargosa  River, which throw it flows close by an idiot says name from the word bitter because there’s a lot of salt that is in the water from the mining going through.
    • Only had a life span of about 10 years with the discovery of gold and before things began playing out.  When it started there was over 2000 people had posted claims.
    • The Bottle House – one of the very most important reliques it is there is a house that is called the bottle house it is a house that is made out of beer and liquor bottles approximately 50,000 of make up the walls and ceilings and around the windows of the house very very unique in its nature.  It was built in 1906 and it used primarily bush Beer Bottles, Donated from the 50 bars in town and held together with adobe mud.  It took them approximately a year and a half to build the building.  The wood that is available is very hard to work within making the buildings and that’s why they use the option of bottles and Adobe mud.  1925 Paramount Pictures got ahold of the house and they restored it to use it in one of their movie productions..

 

  • St Elmo Colorado Ghost Town

    • ST Elmo today is a ghost town that is located in Chaffee  County in Colorado it was founded in 1880 and it was found by minors that were mining for gold and silver.    That area at one time close to 2000 people settled.   in this goes down as the mining industry took off and flourished then it started to decline in the 20 early twenties and then it continues to drop it was also originally named Forrest City but later it was changed because all the other towns that had that same name .  it was at its peak population in the 1890s at that time it had a general store, it had a Town Hall, it had 5 hotels.   It had a newspaper office, schoolhouse, saloons, dancing Halls, Telegraph office,  at that time when it was established it had over 150 mines that had patents on in that area.   Most of the people that live there were working in the mines,   some of the names of the mines was called the Molly or Pioneer Mine,   The Mary Murphy Mine happens to be the largest in that area and over the life of the Mary Murphy Murphy mine, it recovered over $16 Million worth of gold in operation.   Eventually, the Mary Murphy Murphy mind shut down because the railroad was abandoned in 1922 today the only thing in his left it’s a ghost town in today is a tourist attraction people are able to visit and see when used to be.
    • Abner Ellis Wright was the first prospector to open the first mine in st Elmo.  Legend high but he was attacked by a bear in then he killed it with a knife only later on to be in a bar fight and have his ear shot off.    This town instead of being in the desert happened to be in the foot of the mountains of Colorado so wood was abundant it was a very very beautiful wooded area to have a town spring up and there was a lot of wood that could be used for heat in the winter for wood stoves in for building.
    • Getting to Saint Elmo is a difficult process she had to get there by horseback you might get there by stagecoach.   Or on foot,  in it wasn’t till later that the Rail Road became available.  The town served as a supply hub and as a more or in metal ore distribution center and was then directed out of town to the various markets, or to the closest Smelter.
    • Winters were fierce and Hard.  Mine Production fluctuated up and down.  When the railroad became available then it became much easier they were able to move their medals in and out near the railroad so that town continued to grow for a short time until the mines played out.  Many of the people that lived in town then were Rail Road workers.
    • The town had a short life because in the early 1910s 1920s the railroad that went through the Alpine tunnel shut down and when it shut down then the town dried up quickly.

 

  • Terlingua Texas Ghost Town

    • Terlingua ghost town is located in a mining district and it was located in Brewster County, close to the Rio Grande River, It was also close to the Mexican state of Chihuahua.   They discovered in the late 1880s cinnabar,  this is a metal which Mercury can be extracted from it so they began mining this metal,  during that time many mines sprung up.  They also called quicksilver.   the first actual mine produced was an action in 1888 but it was slow to become known, and so was not publicized in the mining magazines are in the districts until right around 1900 and then many other people began moving to the area in the early 1900s.   At that time history says they continued to grow.   The post office was established in 1899 by 1903,  close to 3000 people populated A man Moved To Terlingua by the name of Howard Perry, who was a native to Cleveland Ohio.   In 1858 he took over one of the mines, due to a settlement that he received.   from there he continued to develop the mine continue taking materials out.   He ran it from Cleveland Ohio and installed a gigantic furnace in 1906 it was a 20 ton Scott furnace.     they use  Mesquite and cottonwood to fuel the furnace.    They smelt the ore in them.  Then they could partially process the metals that they were digging out of the ground,  they were bringing water in by wagon helping out from various areas to help their process.
    • The Lifespan in Terlingua was very short and they did not understand why we do now with people were dying off because of the Mercury poisoning it was taking place is they dug it out of the mines.   it.  The Church is still standing and it was made in the 18 00s so it’s approximately 200 years old right now.  All the windows in the church have lead works done on their windows.  It is very artistic and they look gorgeous you look at them but that is an old-style, and putting glass in windows is using lead.

 

  • Colorado City Nevada Ghost Town

  • Nevada City Montana Ghost Town

    • The ghost town of Nevada city Montana was one of 2 major cities that were known as the richest gold strikes in the Rocky Mountain West.  The other one which we’ve already covered was Virginia city and this is gone on since the late 1990s both places and become tourist attractions.  we’re looking into their history they had found archaeological evidence in Nevada city that they found it to Music Hall and also the same hotel that would indicate earlier that the town was founded by white hunters or trapper that were going after the Beaver trade it was in that area and in June of 1863 there was a settlement in Virginia.  A
    • Nevada City the ghost town was one of 9 moving gold camp that were sprawled along the Alder Gulch 1863 Nevada city in Virginia city where the largest no of those 9 Camps in 1863 Nevada city’s Main Street was the scene of the miners court trial and the hanging of George’s Ives this event was a catalyst for the forming of the vigilante at that time doesn’t some stores and cabins extended back 6 block only by 1876 if you have the right residence remained in Nevada city the gold dredges later became large piles of wood and barns by the 1920 highway had been cut down and in half, by 1955 the only residents were 2 people Cora and  Alfred Finney, Charles Bovey began collecting buildings in the early 1940s in acquiring Nevada city from Lester and Mary styles they begin to place the buildings here in 1959 and Nevada City became a Haven for endangered structure more than 90 buildings from them from across Montana line the streets.
    • Another one of the mining towns  called a Adobetown  had its peak population number to rose to 10,000 in some of the colorful mining camp that were the limelight is so numerous at that time it was called 14 Miles City it was one of the many cities in line of Alder Gulch it was located on mile below Nevada Center City and took its name from the dwelling minors the build Adobe bricks in from mud and grass in faction fashion their house small settlement was one of the richest sections of the golf in 1864 alone it was the hub of activity that re yielded$350,000 in gold in its heyday the area round Adobe town and if adicity supported 75 to 100 100 mine claims in each of the mines employed 5 to 12 men the salaries range from $5 to $8 a day Irish war and Nicholas carry walk from Denver to alder galc goldfield with all his possessions on his back vicarius future was not in mining in 1865 he built a Mercantile store at Apple town here is partner David O’Brien added a post ixpress office post office and soon stages from Salt Lake City in northern Pacific railhead at corynn Utah made regular stops for pastor Adobe wants bohstedt a store a blacksmith shop 2 hotels in the school the school was built in 1873 and it served the kids in that area till 1923 and then that building was moved to Virginia city in 1960 where it stands today.

 

  • Bodie California Ghost Town

    • The Ghost town in Brody California is in Mono County and it’s close to Lake Tahoe it began as a mining camp and the discovery of gold in 1859 by a group of prospectors,  one of them by the name of W S Bodey,   Bodey he died in a Blizzard that following year while making a supply trip trying to get supplies and he never did get to see the name of the town that was named after him.   Monoville discovered their gold that’s what he discovered at the same time there was a discovery of silver in a  nearby town called Aurora and then both towns began to boom at the same time.   In 1876  Standard Companies that build stamp Mills in Bodie,   but they have both failed in 1876 the standard company discovered a real rich gold or which then transformed them from a small mining camp and a Wild West town it’s called the Bodie mine in 1878 in at that time it had a population of 5000 – 7 000 people with 2000 building legend says that Bodie was California second or third largest city at the time over the years with the Bodie mines produce gold valued at $34 Million in the boom from late 1877 till May mid-1880 gold bullion from the towns 9 stamp Mills was taken to Carson City and it moved by the way of Aurora Wellington in gardenville shipments were made by armed guards after the bullion reach Carson City it was delivered and then sent by rail to San Francisco as a gold mining center Brodie had many things that larger town had at that time it had a Wells Fargo Bank, Fire departments Brass bands,  Railroads minors,  unions,  newspapers,  a jail, and at its peak at 65 saloons there were lined up sides of Main Street there were murders,  in numerous bar room brawls,   all the things that occured in the wild Wild West times of the gold boom that was taking place across the United States.
    • The first signs of decline,  It was in  1880 was where things started to begin to decline there were so many other places they gold with being discovered, that many of the minors that were there were moving out and heading toward rich are richer places their production rate in the 18 80s was still high, but because of the population was leaving the mining, amount of gold declined,  The whole place declined at 1892 the standard company build his own hydroelectric plant approximately 13 miles away from Dynamo Pond.     by the year 1910, the population is dropped all the way down to 698 people.   those were people that just decided to stay instead of moving the other places that were more prosperous, from there on mining continued to decline in the last line was closed in 1941-1942 due to the war that was taking place overseas.

 

  • Cahawba Alabama Ghost Town

  • Kennecott Alaska Ghost Town

    •  Kennecott ghost town that is in Kennecott Alaska.  It began in the early 19oo’s, It was known as Kennicott mine,  It was a copper mining camp in 1938 and it is located beside the Kennicott glacier right now there are historical landmarks.
    • In the summer of 1905th prospector is one of them was charantia lejacq Smith and the other one was Clarence Warner thanks for the green Patch about the Meadow that green Patch turns to turn out to be a metal called malachai and also take a copy use location of a bonanza clean in a few days later they filed a mining certificate for it Steven Birch was an engineer out of school any was looking for advancement opportunities in Alaska spent his winter in 1901 or 1902 acquiring properties to look at for the Alaska copper company in the summer of 1901 he visited that property is spent muppet months mapping and sampling it out at the time at that time it was the largest and richest known concentration of copper in the can you cut mines was named after the kennicott glacier which is in the Valley below genicot have 5 mine they were called the bonanza the jumbo motherload irry and glacier which is another part of the bonanza mine in 1911 the first shipment of or left Kenny pot and by rail when it moved to the steamship in was it carried across the ambercrombie landing my miles glacier it contained a shipment of or that was 72% copper in 18 for 10:18 ounces of silver per time in 1960 year the highest year for production they value the orange 32000000 thinking about the kitty pot mine glenshire mine was closed in 1929 then the mother load in 1938 in the final 3 minds for clothes in 1930 the eighth leaving it a ghost town at the time is before it was closed they produced over 4.6 million tons of copper I don’t value of 200,000,000 by the year of 1950.   The Town was completely deserted except for one family of 3 who served as watchman there so today it is simply a ghost town.

 

  • Bannack Montana Ghost Town

    • The Ghost town Bannack Montana Beaverhead County and it’s located on grasshopper Creek to send it in 1862 and named after the local Bannack  indeed it was a side of a major going to discovery in 1862 and for a while and served as a capital of Montana territory up until 1864 with a capital was in move to Virginia system city he continued to be a mining town with the underlying population very last residence left in 1970 at its peak one  prospers in had a population of about 10000 feet it was remote and it was connected by the Montana trail at the time love it hi prosperity there were 3 hotels 3 bakeries 3 blacksmith shops 2 stables to meet mark it’s a grocery store or restaurant a brewery a billiard Hall, in 4  saloons all of the businesses because of where it’s located in you know in the trees availability for made out of wood that
    • Other towns founders Dr Erasmus Leavitt, he was a doctor that was born in Cornish New Hampshire is Madison or is doctor through for a while to become a goldmine here rived in Bannack in then he alternately back and forth practice medicine while you were mining for gold with the pick and shovel Bannack, Sherriff Henry plumber was accused of some by leading a band of ruthless road agent in claim it they were responsible for over 100 murders in Virginia city in the banner goldfield all the way up to Salt Lake City, however, there is only 8 best word that we actually document so someone thinks that it’s exaggeration the plumbers gang for both deputies they were hanged without trial Atlantic in January of 1864.  Xournal 22 people were accused informale tried and hang by the Montana vigilantes that were up bantik in Virginia city today bantik is a State Park.

 

  • Centralia Pennsylvania Ghost Town

    • there’s a ghost town in Centralia Pennsylvania in it is also in Columbia County Pennsylvania it has a population that at one time and he 80s and 6 and in in the 80s was around 1000 red by 1990 down the only 5 or down to 63 and then in 217 it was only 5 people or less it’s a result of a coal mining this been burning underneath the ground in coming up through smoke and steam throughout the ground for quite a few years since 1962 you know the town is completely in have fun and how is it not inhabited right now because of the danger that they feel how this all came about the history of it is Indian tribes that that one time to lived in that counts and in 1749 they sold that land to sattler’s in the area to develop and during the Revolutionary War Robert Morris who is one of the guys who signed the Declaration of Independence acquired a third of Centralia valleys land he later declared bankruptcy and it was sold the chef Steven Gerrard and he bought it for like $30,000 because he had learned that there was cold in the proper hey colon centralia have very large ….ody really took it serious before the they sold it to Steven Gerard and he bought it for $30,000 but he had learned that there was cold in the property mostly they overlook the amount of cold it was there until an 1854 a railroad spur was run there called the mile mine run railroad in 1832 of the bulls head tavern was opened in this game the town is named the bulls head in the land was bought by a company called Locust mountain coal and iron company and there was a man there by the name of Alexander Ray and he was a mining engineer and he moved him see his family to the town of they begin setting it up and staging it for development and laying out plots of land and got it already ratona be about there um and that was in 1865 there were 2 miles are opened in 1856 because of that railroad a one was called the locus run mine and the other was called the coleridge my they opened in 1857-1856 to 1860 and they were pulling cold out of the land in selling it as a product to all of Pennsylvania during that time of Alexander Ray who had bought the property he was murdered by a group of evil called the Molly maguires in 1868 and eventually 3 men were convicted of his death and hang weather a lot of burgers it took place on latarce and it took place because of the mind violence that was taking on the Molly maguires they were mine workers that it unionised any teen 60 and they were fighting poor working conditions for wages they were trying to fight for all those things and they were very ruthless in what they did mini at the end of the day many of the Molly McGuire leaders were hanged in 1877 and um so they they count they took they took the they had to pay record of it according to the federal census Centralia reach the population of 2760 in 1890 that was a peek of its existence in at 7 churches 5 hotels 27 saloons 2 theater to movie theaters a bank and post office 14 general grocery store and then 30 serez 37 years after that the cold is cold production had his peak thought and following that it started to Klein is it when into World War one.
    • That is not totally sure how exactly that the fire started but what the the skin census is is that the fire Department was asked to burn trash which had done for it to pass in the landfill tender so they were burning trash in the landfill in then it made contact with some of the underground coal mines that had been minding meiningen dropped off at this point in there was no technically any mining taking place with there were many many minefields that had been a band in his they were abandoned people would go and bootleg cold out of them they would go there and they would dig out pieces of: take it back to use it to work to eat with but what that dude was a left many of the coal mines very weak and many of collapse so they were very unsafe well at that time when they had that fire they were burning in the in the landfill is seem to spread to the to the underground empty cavezzo they been mining in this was in 192 the fire began burning and continued to burn in people over the time began to leave the town and then the government took it over and forced everybody to evacuate and then at several families had been left there because they said they wanted to die there this day if you go back there there’s a church still standing there but most of the buildings have been demolished and everybody is there’s nobody living in the town today and you can see smoke coming out of the ground and several several different spot right now there’s about a 400 acre parcel of land where smoke where it’s burning underneath.

 

  • Dunton Hot Springs Colorado Ghost Town

  • Garnet Montana Ghost Town

  • Chernobyl / Pripyat Ukraine Ghost Town

    • what is the largest ghost towns is chernova which is in the Ukraine before it’s a back you ation the city had about 14,000 it was evacuated on the 5th of May and 1986 after there was a nuclear accident at the chernobyl nuclear power plant actually it’s the most disastrous nuclear accident Siri there’s close to the plant is prep yet um it was built in the 1970s is a home for all the power plants workers as they constructed it Dennis population was 50,000 and it was a back you waited 30 years 30 hours after the action that took place today turbotville is mostly a ghost time town there’s no people living there small numbers of animals and houses are there martua signs you know to stay away because of the danger of the radiation poison going back to the history a little bit of turnover chernobyl was a village granted to a captain of their cowboy cowboy any Russian army in 1566 then it was transferred to the Kingdom of Poland in 1569 into the Russians in 1793 prior to that true Noble just been hired and then you can have it it by pheasant lislique from polish descent in 1626 there was a revolution and in then the Roman Catholic Church became involved in an 1832 and they own the Castle there until 19 chernobyl in 1898 had a population of 10,800 including at that time 7200 Jews it was occupied during World War one and fought over in this Russian civil war that took place in 1919 to 1920 during World War 2 to Noble was occupied by the German already army from 19:41 until 19:43 and then 20 years later it was chosen to be the first nuclear power station build on your Ukraining soil’

 

  • Oradour – sur – Glane France Ghost Town

  • Hashima Island Japan Ghost Town

    • Hashima Island in Japan is also not necessarily a ghost city but like a ghost island.   In 1810 coal was discovered on this island, and the island was inhabited from 1887 to 1970.  It was used as a resource by extracting Coal From Undersea Mines.   By digging mineshafts underneath the ocean.  To House the Worker Population,  Many buildings made with many concrete buildings reinforcement structured,   all kind of construction took place over the next 55 years in building living facilities, schools, kindergartens, hospitals, town Hall, Community Center,  shops, gardens, things that families would need for the minors and their families.    Beginning in 1930 and until the end of the Second World War, Koreans,   Chinese prisoners of war,  were forced to work there in the coal mines in very harsh facilities.   it is said that during this time. about 1300 of those labors or her soldiers from prison workcamps died
    • As times change in technology,  Coal was replaced with gas and diesel.   In Japan during the 1960s and as it happened across the Mainland,  coalmines begin shutting down all across Japan and Kashima.  Between 1891 – 1974 over 15.7 Million Tons were Mined.    The Infrastructure Remains on the island with buildings and surrounding seawall.   All of the whole Island is now is abandoned in so it’s a ghost island.

 

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