Historical Origin Of Arizona State
For a detail explanation, we shall be looking at the various historical periods that proceeded with the origin of today’s Arizona state in the United States of America. Here are some major periods, events to look at:
- Early Historical Origin
- Prehistoric Periods
- Spanish Exploration And Mexico Control
- Mexican and American War
- The Split or Arizona Territory
- The Origin Of Statehood
- The Great Depression Period
- The New Deal era 1933
- World War II
- After 1945/ After World War II Period
- What The Arizona State Is Known For
Early Historical Origin
There are no so many details when it comes to the early indigenous cultures of Arizona. The history of Arizona cut across Spanish, Mexican, American. This state of Arizona was formerly part of the of Sonora Mexico from the 1822 period. Then the population was not large. They lived in the region as far back as 25, 000 B.C. We have the Hohokam dwellers that constructed an extensive irrigation system. The Hohokam name was originated from the Pima Language which implies Ancient ones. The Casa Grande Ruins are monuments that represent the Hohokam way of life or culture.
Present-Day Arizona is seen as one of the oldest inhabited places in the United States. In 1848 the United States took control of the Gila River immediately the Mexican War under the terms of the Mexican Cession. In 1912 Arizona achieved statehood. It should be noted that the Arizona historical origin began more than 12, 000 years ago. As stated in the beginning, the early dweller in Arizona was not popular, because they left no written word for historians. Many historians believe that the first dweller in Arizona originated from Asia. This period was seen as the first-century era which was about 5000 years ago.
They were majorly hunters, farmers, and gatherers who deal on maize, squash, and beans. By the period between 1100 and 1300 AD, the Hohokam and Anasazi tribes reached the peak of their civilization, and in 1400 A.D the both stopped existing. Though the disappearance of these dwellers remains unknown but may say the prolonged drought and dried farmland may be responsible. In the 16th century, the Spanish arrived. The native of Arizona are divided into three groups namely:
The Uto-Aztecan, the Athapascan, and the Yuman. many other groups are also here, there came to Arizona from different locations. Like the Paiute from Utah, the Yaqui from Mexico. The Hopi people were known as peace-loving individuals. They have not altered their culture or way of life even living in an isolated area, whereas the Pima and Papago are seen as the direct descendants of Hohokam farmers. Papago implies bean people, who later changed their name to Tohono meaning people of the desert in 1986.
Spanish Exploration And Mexico Control
The record has shown that the Europeans began their exploration in 1539. Marcos de Niza, the Franciscan friar was the first European to explore the land of Arizona. He gains access to the area in 1539 with his quest for the Seven Cities of Gold. He was also accompanied by another Gold seeker Francisco Vasquez de Coronado. This settling period was mainly based on missionary reasons. The Spanish exploration focuses on three Gs that is God, Gold, and Glory. In the year 1775, the Spanish established Fort Tucson, immediately after the Mexican war.
Mexican and American War
The garrison commander avoided conflict with Lieutenant Colonel Cooke and the Mormon Battalion withdrawing from the battle. The treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo of 1848 led the secession of northern Arizona to the U.S. This area constitutes 70 percent of modern-day Arizona. No doubt that Arizona was part of northern Mexico in the 1840s. It was underdeveloped, poor, and neglected. The Mexican population around Tucson were few.
During this period, most of the Arizona territory became part of the U.S and the southern region was added by the Gadsden Purchase in 1853. In 1854 the united states gained control of the northern part of the state of Sonora, which is Arizona south of the Gila River.
The Split or Arizona Territory
There was a split in 1863, Arizona separated from the Territory of New Mexico form the Arizona Territory. The area was underdeveloped and remote in nature. The presence of railroads in 1880 simplified the area. Arizona became a state in 1912 but was a majorly rural area with a viable economy. There was exponential growth around the period of 1945 due to retirees who understand the efficacy and the importance of warm weather, and low costs emigration from the northeast.
The Origin Of Statehood
In the year 1912, Arizona nearly entered a union to be part of New Mexico in a Republican plan to keep control of the United states senate. This idea was more accepted by individuals around New Mexico but was rejected by the majority of Arizonians. Many provisions like direct elections of senators, reforms, referendum woman suffrage and more but were rejected.
Another constitution was introduced, but there were so many problems. This led to statehood. Congress voted and approve statehood. President Taft signed the statehood bill on February 14th, 1912. Hispanics have a minority power; they were only 53 delegates and he refuses to sign.
The Great Depression Period
This is another major period in the history of Arizona state. The historical origin of Arizona would be incomplete without this period of drought and depression. This period of the great depression as it is called started from 1929 to 1939, that is, 10 good years of depression. No wonder the period is referred to as a great depression period. Government and Individuals placed more emphasis on charity instead of production and creation. Federal money goes into Emergency Federal Relief Committee in 1930. Community-engaged fully in the organization of charity programs. While different agencies promoted help or aid to the unemployed, transients, illegal immigrants, tuberculosis patients and more. The money eventually ran out from 1931 to 1932 and the situation became worst. The revival period came to the New Deal era.
The New Deal Era 1933
Here construction programs were very important to rebuild the state, most especially the Hoover Dam formally referred to Boulder Dam. This was constructed by the Federal Bureau of Reclamation around 1931 to 1936. The aim is to operationalize the water use plan set by the Colorado River Compact. This increases the percentage of water availability by 19% to Arizona and 25% to Nevada and the rest to California.
World War II
The construction of military bases in Arizona was very important due to the state’s favorable flying weather with clear skies. A great number of unused lands, cheap labor, railroads, low taxes were put in use. Arizona state was an attraction for both the military and private firms who finally settle down in Arizona after the war. Fort Huachuca became the biggest black Army forts. With the population of about 1,300 officers and 24, 000 soldiers to be enlisted.
The 92nd and 93rd Infantry Divisions consist of African-American troops that were trained. During this period, the Mexican-American community was very patriotic and actively support America troops abroad. Material and moral support was given to the young soldiers. Mexican-American men and women organized themselves to assist their servicemen in all ramifications. The huge spending by the government during world war II redefined the economy of the Arizona state, which was based on cattle ranching, tourist attraction, cotton, copper mining and more.
After 1945/ After World War II Period
After the world war II period, the population experienced rapid growth. The number of residents increased by sevenfold within the number of 700,000 to over 5 million. The major increase was attributed to the Phoenix region. Urbanization destroyed the citrus industry since the population has increased, there was a need for housing expansion and developments. The huge amount of growing cotton increased and was less profitable. This led to a decline in Arizona cotton production. But there was a great increase in the manufacturing industry. From 49, 000 in 1960 to 183, 000 by 1985 with a good salary. High tech companies like Hughes Aircraft, Honeywell, Motorola, Goodyear had their offices in Phoenix.
What The Arizona State Is Known For
Manufacturing: The Arizona people are known for manufacturing. In fact, this has become a major part of the Arizona industry. Their principal products include but not limited to aeronautical products, electrical, communications and more. This state produces more than half of the country’s copper.
Agriculture: In recent times, the Arizona state is also known for its agricultural impacts on the US economy. They specialize in various agricultural products like cattle, calves, cotton and more.
Warm Weather: Arizona State has remained one of the best weather conditions among the US state today. This is one of the reasons while the construction of military bases in Arizona was introduced. The state is favorable for flying weather with clear skies.
Reputable Political Leaders: Arizona State is known for its reputable leadership. Despite the small nature of the state, they have produced numerous national leaders in both Republican and Democratic parties in the US. Two Republican senators were presidential nominees: Barry Goldwater in 1964 and John McCain in 2008. Also, senator Ernest McFarlan a democrat was the majority leader in the US Senate between 1951 to 1952.there are many more.
Conclusively, the importance of knowing, learning our historical origin is key to greater development in Arizona state and beyond. The above periods and events are what led to the origin of Arizona state today.
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